NSHA rape failure

This an outrageous failure of the Nova Scotia Health Authority.


How can an organization whose senior executives – CEO Janet Knox and VP Medicine Dr. Lynne Harrigan – are female be so cruel, so uncaring, so dysfunctional towards sexual assault victims? How can these two executives be so disconnected from the harsh reality of violence against women?

And how is it that only certain hospitals have rape teams?

I hope every Nova Scotian sends this link to their MLA. That young woman could be anyone’s daughter, granddaughter, niece, neighbour, friend, work colleague – even if she’s a stranger, no one deserves to be dismissed like this. For hospital staff to send any young woman, let alone a rape victim, out into the night alone boggles the mind.

Please, contact your MLA, regardless if they are in government or opposition. This must stop! Obviously the job of running the NSHA is above what those in charge are capable of managing. It is time for a change at the top.


Postscript: Since publishing this piece, one retired physician in Nova Scotia wrote:

“It’s part of the ongoing efforts (perhaps not intentional) to reduce access to personalized care.

“For the first 30 years of my practice emergency departments called the person’s family doctor who would respond, or the person in their call group. Most doctors had their phone numbers available to patients.  Although these “on call” services were free, the fees for paid activities was sufficient so people could cross subsidize work that was not financially rewarded, but where the rewards were professional.

“Now, most primary care docs cannot provide much in the way of free services because excess administrative demands leave them little free time, and their fees for useful work are inadequate.”


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Time to reorganize the Nova Scotia Health Authority

Pioneer House, March 4, 2017.

Pioneer House, November 4, 2017.

Pioneer House, June 18, 2018.
Pioneer House has been abandoned by the management of the Nova Scotia Health Authority. Note the upstairs windows haven’t been touched. A can on a window sill remains in place in all three photos. Curtains hang partially closed in all photos in all seasons. The note in the front door window has not been changed. And what is the status of the white shipping container sitting in the drive? Does the health authority own it or rent it? Why? Judging by the undisturbed weeds the container has not been opened in months, maybe years. What is its purpose, why is it there, what does it cost? (Allan Lynch Photos)

Directly behind Valley Regional Hospital in Kentville, at the entrance to the executive parking lot sits Pioneer House. It is 100 metres from the back of the VRH and 50 metres from the hospital maintenance department.

Pioneer House, the VRH heating plant and the brick Provincial Building next to the hospital are the last remnants of the former Nova Scotia Sanatorium in Kentville. Pioneer House had been home to the Sanatorium’s head surgeon and the medical director. It was quality construction. It has hardwood floors, a fireplace, basement garage and a large deck has been added in the last decade. For a while Pioneer House was used as a clinic. But for the last several years it has been empty. It hasn’t been heated in winter and the upstairs windows are left open year round. For at least the last 17 months the upper drive has been filled by a white shipping container. Since March 2017 I have not seen indicators, like footprints in snow, disturbed leaves or a shoveled walk or anything to suggest anyone has been inside this house.

The open windows indicate either a lax attitude towards the property or a plan for it to deteriorate to a state where executives can justify demolishing it.

Because I publish helphealthcare.ca last March a hospital worker came to my door on behalf of a surgeon wondering if I could help find accommodations for medical staff and nurses when they are storm-stayed at VRH or prevented from returning for their next shift because of the weather. Staff and patients are frustrated that surgeries and procedures are cancelled because of weather.

For the sake of patient care and to prevent weather-related cancellations Pioneer House would seem to present a ready-solution to stranded and exhausted staff. It may not house everyone, but it could at least be a resource for the surgical team. In summer, it could provide accommodation for medical students and those filling in for staff vacations. If neither of these solutions are doable, it could be converted into a medical museum. The Government of Nova Scotia is trying to build trade with and encourage investment from China. China reveres Norman Bethune. The fact that Norman Bethune came to the Nova Scotia Sanatorium to be treated for tuberculosis before he went to assist in the Spanish Civil War and to help Mao Zedong’s revolutionary forces would elevate China’s interest in the province. Opening a house that Bethune might have been a guest in, surrounded by woods he may have walked, as a medical museum would help accomplish some of the political and economic goals of the Government.

Leaving a substantial property like this to rot is an unacceptable waste of a public asset. It is disrespectful to the people of Nova Scotia. An NSHA executive should be held accountable for this neglect. But, sadly, there is no accountability in health care for poor property management or anything else.

Across rural Nova Scotia employers complain that a lack of housing hinders their ability to hire. We have seniors and young families, as well as people fleeing abusive domestic situations who need a place to live. That a property like Pioneer House is left to deteriorate is unconscionable.

Why should we expect executives, who trained to be doctors and nurses, to be competent at managing real estate? Where in their courses did they learn about construction or building and systems maintenance? Given their other responsibilities, isn’t it too taxing to expect them to hire and monitor staff, keep abreast of medical changes, deliver prompt health care and oversee a property portfolio that has 99 hospitals, clinics, medical centres and office complexes across the province?

Since winning election in 2013 and 2017 the Government has initiated bold changes in provincial health care. First, they merged nine health authorities into one unified authority, the NSHA. Then, in preparation for developing a replacement for the Victoria General Hospital the Government is investing over $125 million in expanded facilities throughout HRM and as far away as Windsor. Last month the Premier announced the closure of two Cape Breton hospitals and the expansion of services at two others.

These are all preparatory moves for what will be a seven-to-ten-year time frame to demolish, design and redevelop the VG. Currently cost guestimates for a new VG are in the $2.5 billion range. But given Nova Scotia’s propensity to be late and over-budget on capital projects, it wouldn’t be surprising for a new VG to become the most expensive building in Canada. Do we want to hand such an expensive project over to in-experienced executives?

Nova Scotia hasn’t a good track record on capital projects. That dates back to the construction of Government House. In 1800 Whitehall gave Governor and Lady Wentworth £10,000 to build a governor’s mansion. The Wentworths spent £30,000. A 2009 refurbishment of the mansion took longer and cost twice what was budgeted. More recently the 2017 repair of the Legislature steps was 55 percent higher than the consultant’s estimate and three weeks past deadline. The Bluenose II restoration was 70 percent over the estimate and two years late. In the 215 years since Government House was built I have found no capital project which has come in on budget or to schedule, and yet, century after century bureaucrats and politicians express surprise when every project doesn’t come in as projected.

Our history with hospital construction and maintenance is equally troubling. In 1978 the new Yarmouth Regional Hospital opened with doorways that were not wide enough to accommodate hospital beds. It cost $400,000 to rectify. In 1987 the new Camp Hill Hospital became known as the sick hospital. It took two years to realize the problem was the side-by-side placement of exhaust and intake fans. Then when the QEII Health Sciences building opened we had to spend $1 million correcting a problem with the laboratories, which were designed without input from the lab technicians.

Simpson Landing at the Nova Scotia Hospital in Dartmouth opened five years late and was 48 percent over budget. And then there was the two-year-delay in opening the Colchester East Hants Health Centre, which was 78 percent over budget. That prompted the Auditor General to lament that the hospital project was overseen by executives with no construction experience. In an understated damning observation he also said that information provided to Cabinet should be factual.

Meanwhile, the health authority pays $1.2 million a year to maintain the empty former Colchester Regional Hospital in Truro. The authority is waiting on an action report that is four years late. In total, health executives and Department of Health have had 12 years to consider what to do with the hospital and failed to do so.

The problems with hospital construction seem systemic across Canada. For example, the new $1.3 billion McGill University Health Centre in Montreal opened with 14,000 deficiencies! It is being sued for $172 million for cost overruns and the former CEO fled the country to avoid charges of conspiracy, money laundering, fraud and accepting $22 million in bribes.

In Ottawa, the new Heart Institute is wrapped in controversy after it was revealed that a health executive accepted“luxury fishing trips”from a contractor who was later awarded several $100 million contracts. Lawsuits were launched.

In addition to our construction problems, were the on-going maintenance issues at the VG. For 30 years the water was so toxic it couldn’t be used for more than flushing toilets. No other building would have been allowed to remain open under those conditions. The Department of Health and NSHA say the VG must be torn down, but various letter writers to The Chronicle Herald have questioned that assessment. People with engineering backgrounds have asked if the shell can’t be preserved and the buildings gutted and rebuilt. There is a lack of trust by the public in assessments of properties that bureaucrats clearly don’t want. Pioneer House is a modest example of that.

In Ontario, an agency of the government called Infrastructure Ontario, handles all construction projects. Infrastructure Ontario’s focus is overseeing construction vs our habit of taking civil servants away from their daily work to dabble in multi-million-dollar projects.

Given our poor history with new hospital design, construction and maintenance I believe it is more efficient and effective to separate the real estate holdings from the NSHA. I propose a Nova Scotia Health Trust to own and maintain health care facilities. The NSHA would become the NSHT’s tenant. The Trust would also oversee construction projects.

The NSHT would be run by executives with real world experience in construction trades, contract negotiation and an understanding of what are reasonable project delays and cost overruns. They could also hold the lid on expensive, last-minute wish-list additions. The Trust executive positions could be tied to meeting specific performance targets.

Removing the burden of project oversight and facility maintenance would lighten the load on health executives and let them focus on delivery of care vs reacting to broken pipes and the myriad other problems buildings can have.

History shows us that public officials haven’t got a good handle on construction or maintenance costs. The example of Pioneer House shows how easily health executives mismanage our holdings. Meanwhile, older, large, high-traffic properties like The Westin Nova Scotian and Lord Nelson Hotel, both built in 1929, are shining examples of how well private sector expertise is at maintaining properties and extending their life spans.

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New NSHA compensation numbers

As is tradition with Nova Scotia’s Public Sector Compensation Disclosure, the latest pay figures for bureaucrats are published in the middle of summer when it’s figured no one is paying attention. It’s the half-hearted, insincere attempt to comply with “accountability and transparency in the use of public funds”.

If true accountability and transparency were the goal, this government wouldn’t have weakened the NDP regulations, which required the name, title and compensation for each of those in the $100,000 club be published. Including the titles of those compensated allows the public to judge whether bureaucracies have become bloated. Or in the case of Registered Nurses if they are being overworked to the point of endangering their health or shortening their career.

Take the Nova Scotia Health Authority. When we had 10 separate authorities most complied with the requirement to list the job title or occupation of those on the list. Since the merger of nine authorities into one, those details have disappeared. One of the motivations for the merged health authority was to streamline the bureaucracy and decision-making process, and to reduce the number of executives and redirect those savings to front-line care. That goal has been bastardized by the very people who promoted it. Shame on them.

Looking at the NSHA compensation numbers shows that some executives are well ahead of inflation. This year the NSHA executive have all benefitted from an 8 percent increase in income. One had a 41 percent increase in pay. Since the NSHA’s formation in 2015, several executives have seen incomes soar by $70,000-to-$115,000 a year.

In theory that might suggest recognition of greater responsibilities, but the actions of some suggest their workload isn’t affected. Or not at least as much as their bank balance is. The question for the health unions and public is if this establishes the precedent for raises in the next round of contract negotiations.

NSHA CEO Janet Knox’s compensation for 2017-18 was $369,013  vs $352,478 in 2016-17. That’s a $317-a-week raise.

VP Medicine Dr. Lynne Harrgan received $326,941 in 2017-18 vs $302,957 the previous year. A $461-a-week raise.

For the vice presidents: Tim Guest, Patricia Cochrane and Carmelle d’Entremont received $223,006 over $206,657 last year. (A $314-a-week increase.) Paula Bond is up  $584-a-week to $250,672 from $232,321. Allan Horsburgh is at $234,329 up from $217,119 ($330 a week more) and Lindsay Peach has risen to  $228,881 from $212,419 ($316 a week more). Colin Stevenson’s income jumped 41 percent ($1,172 a week) to $208,418 from $147,433. The lack of detail doesn’t say if this represents a much greater area of responsibility or if his previous year wasn’t a full 12 months. Or if he received a bonus from the CEO.

Fees for some doctors, who are paid like a factory worker on a per piece/patient service basis (unless the patient only needs a prescription top up, which is one of many uncompensated services doctors are expected to provide) rose 5.6 or 10 percent. Unlike NSHA executives whose compensation is 100 percent theirs and who have offices, technology and support staff provided by the taxpayer, enjoy tax-payer-subsidized lunches, work regular hours, receive paid holidays and pension contributions, doctors pay 30 to 50 percent of their gross income to cover practice costs. Even with these increased fees, Nova Scotian physicians remain the lowest paid in Canada.

To illustrate how well the NSHA executives did this year, we can look at other compensation reports. One person at the Art Gallery of Nova Scotia and the head of Nova Scotia Business Inc. received 4 percent raises. The CEO of Trade Centre Ltd. and the three executives at the Halifax Dartmouth Bridge Commission received a .5 percent pay increase.

The list of public disclosure reports can be found here:


You judge value for money. If you have issues, this site lists how to contact various MLAs, Ministers and Premier.

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NSHA’s failed doctor recruitment

There’s a theory that numbers don’t lie. However, their interpretation can colour the message.

Over the years, great minds have questioned numbers and facts used to promote an idea. In 1891 a letter writer penned, “It has been wittily remarked that there are three kinds of falsehood: the first is a ‘fib,’ the second is a downright lie, and the third and most aggravated is statistics.”

The following year, a writer to The Economic Journal said there are “three types of unreliable witnesses: a liar, a damned liar, and an expert.”

Later Mark Twain added his take: “Figures often beguile me, particularly when I have the arranging of them myself; in which case the remark attributed to Disraeli would often apply with justice and force: ‘There are three kinds of lies: lies, damned lies, and statistics.'”

Lies, damned lies and statistics sums up Nova Scotia doctor recruitment.

The lie is one of omission. The Nova Scotia Health Authority let Nova Scotians believe doctor recruitment was one of their first and on-going action areas. The NSHA was formed in April 2015. While the initial planning for the merged health system started under the NDP government of Darrell Dexter, who refused to admit it was an idea whose time had come, the NSHA was created after the Liberals won an election in October 2013. The two prime election planks of that election were re-aligning health care AND providing a family physician for every Nova Scotian.

Based on the election campaign and promise, Nova Scotians thought hiring doctors was job one for the new health authority. We were wrong. It is thanks to Auditor General Michael Pickup that we learned the NSHA didn’t put a doctor recruitment plan in place until the spring of 2017! Doctor recruitment wasn’t a priority for or even on NSHA CEO Janet Knox’s radar. In November 2017 Knox appeared on CBC Information Morning.Host Don Connelly said to Knox, “I suppose that every conversation you have or hear is about doctor recruitment.” Knox responded, “No, it’s only been in the last year that has been a topic.”

That exchange is a prime example of the disconnect Knox has with the reality of health care delivery in Nova Scotia. Knox lives buffeted from the public and any unpleasantness by an army of VPs, senior managers and communications professionals who provide the distance on which her deniability is based.

The damned lies are the confused doctor recruitment numbers the NSHA has published. In April 2017 a communications person from NSHA sent me a list of 177 new medical recruits. However, a political operative told me those numbers varied from the 133 the governing party’s numbers showed. Around the same time the NSHA pointed to their success in doctor recruitment for Cape Breton. A Cape Breton doctor quickly challenged that success and said he had recruited some of the doctors the NSHA took credit for. Other hires were double counted – his became theirs, while his and theirs created ‘ours’.

The statistics fall into a wave of positive numbers around physicians accepting new patients. On June 2ndthe Department of Health and Wellness said since April 1st 319 provincial doctors had accepted a financial incentive to take on 4,904 patients. Seemingly good progress. Then we are told that because doctors took on patients from multiple zones the number of physicians in the program “equals 322”. Really? This is only a difference of three, but is the type of statistical bullshit favoured by bureaucrats and do-nothing executives. It is meaningless in delivering care to people. There either are 322 living breathing doctors treating patients or there are 319 doctors. Three doctors can mean the difference to 4,050 patients.

Whether you’re treated by an actual doctor or some sort of medical hologram, there are still a hell of a lot of Nova Scotians without any family physician.

In October 2016 a Freedom of Information request found there were 155,415 Nova Scotians in the “orphaned patients” category. That means without a family physician.

To address the lack of doctors, the NSHA launched the Need a Family Practice registry where people seeking a doctor could register by calling 8-1-1. Good luck getting through to that line. Many people have written letters or called radio programs to complain about the challenge of getting through to the line and then not hearing anything back.

In spite of the dissatisfaction of the public, the NSHA happily announced that in the first year of operation the physician resource line found matches for 10 percent of patients who registered.

Read about the NSHA success here:


But the success of this registry is short-lived. Here’s its history in numbers:

Sept. 1, 2017  – 36,000 people registered for a doctor

Oct. 1, 2017     – 37,339 people were registered

Oct. 1, 2017     – NSHA reports that 4,331 people had been matched with a doctor

Jan. 1, 2018     – 41,877 people are registered on the doctor wait list.

May 1, 2018    – 47,669 people are registered for a doctor

June 1, 2018    – 50,024 people are registered

July 11- a story in the Chronicle Herald says more than 52,000 Nova Scotians are listed on the registry.

These represent the “official” number of Nova Scotians waiting for a doctor. The NSHA maintains it doesn’t know how many Nova Scotians are doctorless and the Department of Health and Wellness ignores the number given in the Freedom of Information request.

What neither the NSHA or Department address is how or why the registry numbers keep climbing in the face of the announced new doctor hires and expanded practices. Of course, when any new doctor is hired or a new residency is announced, there are caveats. It’s never now. It’s in the fall, in a year, in four years when students graduate …

The Province and NSHA are celebrating the creation of 10 new family doctor residencies – starting in July 2019. The Province and NSHA are mute on the loss of 10 doctors in Truro THIS year. They are equally silent on the 10 doctors Kings County lost between June 2017 and February 2018. And then there were all the solo practitioners around the province who stopped practicing.

The 2012 Physician Resource Plan, which was outdated when it was accepted, said that 1,100 Nova Scotian doctors would retire between 2012 and 2022. We are not keeping up with recruitment or training for the 100 doctors a year we need just to replace the retirements. There is no consideration for doctors who get sick, die or quit the province in frustration. Nor is there consideration for increased demand created by population growth. In the three years the NSHA has been in existence it is more than 200 doctors behind in physician recruitment. A clear fail. But not a number they would ever mention.

Lies, damned lies and statistics rule.


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Unbearably hot hospitals

There’s more trouble at the Victoria General Hospital in Halifax. Today we learned that the fan which powers the cooling system for the VG’s Intensive Care Unit broke. In the week since it broke staff had to jury-rig solutions, like moving smaller air conditioning units into the ICU. Adding units isn’t an ideal situation because of the clutter and potential noise they bring to an environment which is already space challenged and needs serenity for recovery.

Reports say the main cooling system’s fan broke. That happens. Equipment breaks. But the executive in charge says it’s not an off-the-shelf piece, it has to manufactured so it will be some time in August before a replacement arrives.

That’s a very calm attitude, but then one suspects this executive works in an air conditioned office. I question whether the Nova Scotia Health Authority or Department of Health take the impact of extreme heat into consideration for patient comfort and recovery, as a hazard to health, and for the comfort and efficiency of front-line staff.

In the last seven days 54 Quebeckers have died from the extreme heat. New Brunswick has issued heat warnings for the province. Nova Scotia? Nothing.

In 2012 a Toronto-based Nova Scotian executive complained to the management of the Valley care facility his mother was in and when ignored he approached the Department of Health. He wrote, “My mother had been moved there [the care facility] after discharge from VRH to recover from a stroke. The first day there was one of those hot and humid Valley scorchers with the temperature well into the thirties. There was no air conditioning in the building and I was told by the administrator that I shouldn’t be concerned. “Old people don’t mind the heat.” This was the same summer that thousands of elderly died in European heat waves. I took it to a senior official with the provincial ministry concerned with standards of care in nursing homes. Speaking to me from her climate-controlled office in seaside Dartmouth, she seemed unaware that it actually gets quite hot in parts of the province. She assured me her team took care to enforce the rules requiring sufficient heat in the winter, but summer heat–well that’s not a real problem. Very dismissive and out of touch. I installed our own air conditioner in the room.”

Our reality is that health care executives move with sloth-like speed when it comes to maintenance and repair. For decades the water at the VG was so toxic you couldn’t even wash your hands in it. And while Janet Knox was CEO of the Annapolis Valley District Health Authority, numerous problems with VRH occurred and took months to repair, whether it was a hot water tap to the revolving front door of the hospital – which breaks on an annual basis. The hot water tap took 19 weeks to replace! If you can’t fix a tap, why would we trust you with whole buildings and a system full of real estate?

Fast forward to April 2015: hundreds of surgeries were cancelled because of a problem with a Halifax surgical sterilizer. The problem was identified on April 11th, yet two weeks later, on the 24th the senior director at the QEII couldn’t tell the CBC where there were other sterilizers and how long it would take to repair or replace the suspect unit. Two weeks into the problem and she didn’t know how many sterilizers existed in the province or their location! As I pointed out she could have checked neighbouring hospitals in Halifax and Dartmouth as well as the medical and dental schools at Dalhousie. and various research facilities in the city. In their bureaucratic way, the NSHA had only started to “reach out” to others. Had one executive stooped to placing a few phone calls that could have been answered in an hour and hundreds of procedures could have taken place as scheduled.

In November 2017 VRH’s dishwashers broke. The hospital went several months calling in staff to hand-wash dishes before that was solved.

And now NSHA is prepared to wait a month or more to replace part of a cooling system in the hottest time of year during what is predicted to be the hottest summer in years. There’s never any sense of urgency or out-of-the-box thinking with the NSHA.

For instance, anyone with appliances to repair knows it’s cheaper to replace the whole unit than trying to find someone to fix it. Has the NSHA looked at that option? As for having a new fan manufactured, are they dealing with the original supplier or considered going local? Nova Scotia has an extensive ship-building and ship-repair industry. There are fabricators who could quickly craft a fan, which is not that different from a propeller. Has the NSHA looked to Lunenburg or other ship-building centres for a fast fix? Couldn’t they ask a company like the Irving shipyards, a few blocks away, for a fast favour? If we can build a battleship from scratch, surely we craft a part for a fan.

The NSHA does not appear to be a solution-driven organization.







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Is separating seniors policy?

Once again some officious little turd at the Nova Scotia Health Authority is harassing the elderly. Today’s news is of the separation of Bryce and Hazel Gibson. They are a Halifax couple who met 85 years ago. Bryce is 95, Hazel is 93. They have been married for 75 years.

Because he’s a veteran Bryce is in the Camp Hill Veterans Memorial hospital. Hazel is not a veteran so has to stay at another long-term care facility. Hazel is allowed to make day visits to Bryce. The madness is that Camp Hill has empty beds, but private facilities across the province are bursting at the seams. If Hazel could be moved to the Camp Hill, not only would the couple be happier, which would contribute to better health, it would open a bed for another senior in need.

The federal government, through Veterans Affairs, allows the NSHA to use discretion to fill the empty beds. So why not allow Hazel to move in with Bryce? The impediment is the NSHA. The NSHA hasn’t made the bed request. Why? Like everything to do with the NSHA they claim it’s a complicated process. Bullshit! This is not a new or unique issue. It’s just the failure of bureaucrats to anticipate and act.

Read about Bruce and Hazel here:


Over and over again, the public is told about the problems Nova Scotia’s aging population presents to government and health care. In all those excuses we don’t hear solutions. Government and the NSHA have had time to factor that aging population into all their decisions. Except they don’t. They piss away time, seemingly hoping death will solve problems for them.

This is not the first time separating married seniors has become headline. In April, Edwin and Marjorie Crossland, another couple in their 90s, were forced to live apart. The NSHA determined that Edwin was too healthy to live in the same facility as Marjorie. There was no concept that keeping the couple together was best for them and that Edwin’s presence could be a comfort for Marjorie and his participation in her care may have helped maintain his health. It could also have relieved the stress on care givers.

Their family believed “a deeply flawed” NSHA assessment contributed to the problem. Flawed assessments and misdiagnosis are a growing issue with the NSHA. I know a person who suffered a stroke. The NSHA’s documents list “vertigo” as the diagnosis.

Read about Edwin and Marjorie here:


In December 2017 New Brunswickers Herbert Goodine, 91, and Audrey Goodine, 89, married for 69 years, were separated by New Brunswick’s health authority.

Their story is here:


Forceful breakups of long-standing marriages is such an epidemic in that October 2016 the Progressive Conservative Party of Nova Scotia introduced a bill guaranteeing couples could stay together in long-term care homes. Former party leader Jamie Baillie told the CBC he had been approached by a family about a situation where only one spouse could stay in a federal facility. Sound familiar?

At the time former Health Minister Leo Glavine, who had dealt with five similar cases, said, “When the day comes for [the couple] to go into a nursing home in Nova Scotia, they will go as a couple.”

A spokesperson for the Department of Health said the issue would be addressed in a continuing care strategy, for which there is no completion date. That was 21 months ago. Where’s the strategy?

Read about that here:


I don’t believe this government is anti-marriage, in spite of how it acts towards seniors who have been married long enough to qualify for congratulatory messages from The Queen. But what does it take for this government and the Nova Scotia Health Authority executives to act? This is an on-going issue that has been recognized since at least 2015. Just how long does it take them to address a problem? Such inaction leads the public to conclude that separations of seniors is policy.

If the job is too much for her, perhaps Janet Knox could take early retirement and allow someone with energy and ideas to take over the NSHA.



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NSHA hospital closures and rationalizations

Nova Scotia is closing two hospitals in Cape Breton. This is not a surprise. Doctors have been talking about it for some time. People should be braced for more closures or “rationalizations”. How these two closures go will determine how quickly the NSHA moves on other hospital closures and conversions.

In July 2017 a Halifax-based specialist asked, “Why are there five hospitals in the Sydney area. I don’t care that New Waterford is not Sydney, it’s half an hour away. You don’t need that. We’ve gone through this and the amount of waste is absolutely staggering. Way beyond what people would imagine.”

This specialist’s belief is that with larger hospitals you have greater volume of procedures being done, which makes for better medicine and delivery of care and better outcomes. Doctors are more practiced and faster. He cited an announcement from the hospital in New Waterford that they were no longer going to deliver babies. “No #@$!ing kidding, they did two deliveries last year. Do you want a place to deliver you when they’ve done two deliveries?”

“The problem is the public get educated by the Department of Health and the Department is telling them what they think they (the public) want to hear. They’re not being educated by the people who are in there working.”

One of the issues for this specialist is the idea that care should be delivered within an hour of a person’s home. “That’s not based on anything. It’s a mythology.”

The belief by many in health care is that location of a hospital is primarily a political optic. Voters see a hospital in their community and feel that equates to better care. This specialist disagrees. He sees too much time wasted going through the motions of doing something in the community. “To people who say we don’t want to have to drive more than an hour away, okay, but when you go to that little hospital that’s half an hour away, you’re not going to be able to get the treatment and not get an informed opinion as to what the treatment should be. So you’re going to get back into your car or an ambulance and get transported three hours (to a larger, better equipped and staffed hospital). So that stop didn’t help. In fact, it hurt you because it slowed down your care, made it longer and ultimately placed roadblocks in there that are not helpful.”

[I personally know a younger man who was a passenger in an Acadian Lines bus that plunged into the Tracadie River in January 2010. He had neck injuries that, if not treated correctly, could have left him paralyzed. He was taken by ambulance to five hospitals in Cape Breton. There were no doctors present who felt comfortable treating his injuries, so he was driven to Halifax for treatment. In total, he spent seven hours on a board in an ambulance, being driven around Cape Breton and then across the province before being seen by a doctor.]

While the public believes proximity to a hospital is critical, the specialist I spoke with said, “the average amount of time for somebody who has a car accident to get into the OR on the OR table for definitive treatment is five hours. Trauma is one of the more acute events in people’s lives, if that’s how long it’s been taking (five hours) then maybe an hour is very unrealistic.”

It’s not only Cape Breton hospitals which this specialist mentioned. He is frustrated by the lack of services provided by Twin Oaks Hospital in Musquodoboit Harbour and Roseway Hospital in Shelburne. “They can’t do labs, can’t do x-rays after a certain time.” They also struggle to keep their ERs open. “Close it. They don’t do anything. I get calls there ‘Oh, we can’t get blood work, it’s after 5’ or ‘We can’t get an x-ray it’s after 5’.” He sputters, “Well what are you doing then? That’s not a hospital.”

Many of the smaller rural hospitals are essentially down-graded to a type of walk-in clinic. And as we see in Cape Breton, are set up to be replaced by Collaborative Care Practices. He also questions keeping the Annapolis Community Health Centre in Annapolis Royal open as a hospital, which is a short distance from the larger Digby General Hospital. (The NSHA have taken the position that residents of Weymouth should travel the 33.4 km to Digby for medical treatment; Annapolis Royal is 32 km from Digby, so should also fall under its care.)

The specialist’s ultimate frustration is that many of the “cottage hospitals” are like medical day cares. As a placebo people are admitted to hospital overnight before being sent home or forwarded to Halifax – if the case merits it. He specifically mentioned one hospital in Zone 3 which is (in)famous for bed blocking. “Family doctors fill these beds up, they get paid because this patient is under their care, but patients get a pass to go do something.” In essence, patients are admitted to hospital, but allowed to go home at night to sleep in their beds and return in the morning to “hang out” at the hospital. Another example he cited are “patients who, their kids are going away for a week on a cruise, bring mommy to the ER and get her admitted while they’re gone. It’s a babysitting service. That’s expensive.”

Others have suggested our higher death rates from cancer can be attributed to time lost in local non-treatment and “tinkering” in smaller hospitals.

These practices might be something for the Auditor General to investigate and quantify the cost to the patient, system and taxpayer.

We should be prepared for more closures. Politically you can’t take away and rebuild in one part of the province without a counter-balancing action on the mainland.



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